Though your dog’s seasonal allergies may have subsided in the summer weather, you should always look out for skin, food, and environmental allergies that can affect your dog. Here are some symptoms and treatments for your pup’s allergies.
Symptoms of dog allergies can look very similar to those experienced by humans during an allergic reaction. Always make an appointment with your vet if you are worried about potential allergies. In general, look out for:
The primary cause of skin allergies in dogs is flea allergy dermatitis, or an allergic reaction to fleabites. This leads to extreme itchiness and often results in itchy, inflamed, and scabbed skin. Food allergies can also cause itchy ears and paws. Similar to food allergies, environmental allergens like dust and pollen can cause atopic allergic reactions in the paws and ears. If your dog is constantly itching and their skin appears irritated, contact your vet. Any skin breakage can lead to secondary infection.
True food allergies are rare and lead to an immune response such as hives or, in more severe cases, anaphylaxis. Most “food allergies” in dogs are actually more like food sensitivities and do not involve an immune response. Rather, food sensitivities are a gradual reaction to an offending ingredient in your dog’s food. Look out for vomiting, diarrhea, or chronic ear infections. These may be signs of a sensitivity to an ingredient in your furry friend’s food.
Like people, dogs can go into anaphylactic shock if they have a severe reaction to an allergen. This can be fatal if untreated, so take them to an emergency vet hospital as soon as possible if the reaction is serious. Bee stings and vaccine reactions can cause an anaphylactic response in some dogs, so keep a close eye on your pup following the administration of any new vaccine, drug, or food. Aside from anaphylactic shock, your dog could experience hives or facial swelling that your vet can treat with an antihistamine.
The best treatment for dog allergies is to avoid the cause of the allergic reaction. Sometimes interaction with the allergen is inevitable, so your vet can prescribe a medication to reduce symptoms. Your safest bet is to see your vet or use emergency services if necessary. Home remedies could just worsen your dog’s symptoms, so be cautious!
You know your pup best, so watch them closely for the above unusual behaviors to keep them happy and healthy!
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